The UPSC IFS Exam (Indian Forest Service) is one of the Civil Services Exam conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) for the recruitment officers at the All India level by the Government of India for the scientific management of its forests.

The primary objective of the Service is to implement the National Forest Policy in order to ensure the ecological stability of the Country through the protection and participatory sustainable management of the natural resources.

Indian Forest Service is one of the civil services of India and belongs to the apex All India Services group. IFS officers are placed under various state cadres or joint cadres.

An officer is wholly independent of the district administration and exercises administrative, judicial and financial powers in his own domain.

UPSC Indian Forest Services (IFS) Exam Dates 2019

Candidates applying for Indian Forest Service examination are required to appear in the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination and qualify the same for going to the second stage of Indian Forest Service (Main) Examination (written and interview).

Events Dates
IFS through Civil Services (P) Date of Notification 19th February 2019
Last Date of Receipt of Application 18th March 2019
Date of IFS Preliminary Examination through Civil Services (P) 2nd June 2019
Date of IFS (Main) Examination 1st December 2019

**Note: The above-mentioned dates are tentative and may vary a little.

UPSC Indian Forest Services (IFS) Exam Eligibility Criteria 2019

To be eligible to appear in the UPSC IFS exam a candidate must be eligible on the following grounds:

A) Nationality

A candidate must be either:

a) a Citizen of India, or

b) a subject of Nepal, or

c) a subject of Bhutan, or

d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India. or

e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) above shall be a person in whose favor a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

B) Age Limit

A general category candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years. While certain categories have some relaxation in the upper age limit.

C) Minimum Educational Qualifications

Candidate must hold a Bachelor’s degree with at least one of the following subjects

  • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science,
  • Botany,
  • Chemistry,
  • Geology,
  • Mathematics,
  • Physics,
  • Statistics, and
  • Zoology

OR a Bachelor’s degree in

  • Agriculture or
  • Forestry or
  • Engineering

**NOTE: The candidate must hold the Bachelor’s degree from a recognized university or equivalent.

Candidates appearing at their degree examination (with prescribed subjects) may also compete provided they have to submit the proof of passing the required examination along with their detailed application form.

If they qualify on the result of the written part of the examination, they will have to submit to be filled in at that stage.

D) No. of Attempts

The maximum number of attempts restricted for candidates are as follows:

Categories No. of Attempts
General Candidates 7 attempts
SC and ST Candidates No restriction
OBC Candidates 9 attempts
Physically Handicapped (General/OBC) 9 attempts
Physically Handicapped (SC/ST) No restriction

**NOTE: Appearing for one or more papers of an examination will be counted as an attempt at the examination even if the candidate failed to qualify for the selection.

UPSC IFS Exam Pattern 2019

IFS Exam comprises of three-stage selection processes like any other UPSC exams: Preliminary Exam, Main Exam and Interview.

A) UPSC IFS (Preliminary) Examination

To become eligible for the Indian Forest Service (Main) Examination, first of all, every candidate must clear the UPSC Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam.

The Preliminary Examination will consist of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a maximum of 200 marks each. Each paper will be of two hours duration.

The General Studies Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

If you are already stressed thinking of the preparation for prelims exam, go check out some of the previous blogs on exam preparation. Here’s the list

B) UPSC Indian Forest Service (Main) Examination

Candidates who qualify Preliminary exam are called for the Main exam (written) and on the basis of marks secured in the Main exam; they will be called for Interview.

The total marks of the Main exam and Interview sum up to produce the final result to select the successful candidates under the IFS.

i) The Written Exam consists of the following papers:

Paper Subject Total Marks
I General English 300
II General Knowledge 300
III Any two subjects to be selected from the list of the optional subjects 200 [each]

List of Optional subjects:

Agriculture Agricultural Engineering
Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Botany
Chemistry Chemical Engineering
Civil Engineering Forestry
Geology Mathematics
Mechanical Engineering Physics
Statistics Zoology

The candidates will not be allowed to offer the following combination of subjects:

  • Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering
  • Agriculture and Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • Mathematics and Statistics
  • Of the Engineering subjects viz. Agricultural Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering not more than one subject.

ii) Interview for Personality Test

It carries maximum 300 marks and will be interviewed by a Board of competent and unbiased observers who will have before them a record of his/her career. The object of the Interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for the Service.

The candidate will be expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in his/her subjects of academic study but also in events which are happening around him/her both within and outside his/her own state or country, as well as in modem currents of thoughts and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth.

Interviews and Personality tests may be tricky at times. If you are an active visitor, you already know all the details on how to crack a job interview. For those who are new, I have mentioned a list below

UPSC Indian Forest Services Syllabus 2019

The following information is provided as per the latest syllabus of UPSC IFS Exam.

Part A- Preliminary Examination

Paper Syllabus Marks
I (Objective Type) Current events of national and international importance
History of India and Indian National Movement
Indian and World Geography
Indian Polity and Governance
Economic and Social Development
General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change
General Science.
II (Objective Type) Comprehension
Interpersonal skills including communication skills
Logical reasoning and analytical ability
Decision making and problem-solving
General mental ability
Basic numeracy

Part B- Main Examination

Paper Syllabus Marks
General English Candidates will be required to write an essay in English. Other questions will be designed to test their understanding of English and workmanlike use of words. Passages will usually be set for summary or precis. 300
General Knowledge The General Knowledge paper includes the knowledge of current events, matters of everyday observation, and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject.
This paper will also include questions on Indian Politics including the political system and the Constitution of India, History of India and Geography of nature.
Optional Papers Paper- I Paper-II 400
Agriculture Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their sustainable management and conservation.
Cropping pattern in different agro-climatic zones of the country.
Soil conservation planning on watershed basis.
Water-use efficiency in relation to crop production.
Farm management.
Marketing and pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs.
Agricultural extension.
Cell Theory
History of plant breeding.
Seed technology, its importance.
Growth and development; photo-periodism and vernalization.
Climatic requirements and cultivation of major fruits, plants, vegetable crops and flower plants.
Diseases and pests of field vegetables, orchard and plantation crops of India.
Food production and consumption trends in India.
Agricultural Engineering Soil and Water Conservation.
Aerial Photography and Remote Sensing.
Irrigation and Drainage.
Agricultural Structures.
Farm Power and Machinery.
Agricultural Process Engineering.
Instrumentation and computer applications in Agricultural Engineering.
Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Animal Nutrition.
Animal Physiology.
Livestock Production and Management.
Genetics and Animal Breeding.
Health and Hygiene.
Animal Diseases.
Veterinary Public Health.
Milk and Milk Products Technology.
Meat Hygiene and Technology.
Botany Microbiology and Plant Pathology.
Plant Utility and Exploitation.
Cell Biology.
Genetics, Molecular Biology and Evolution.
Plant Breeding, Biotechnology and Biostatistics.
Physiology and Biochemistry.
Ecology and Plant Geography.
Chemistry Atomic structure.
Chemical bonding.
Solid State.
The gaseous state.
Thermodynamics and statistical thermodynamics.
Phase equilibria and solutions.
Chemical kinetics
Surface phenomena and catalysis
Bio-inorganic chemistry.
Coordination chemistry.
General chemistry of ‘f’ block elements.
Non-Aqueous Solvents.
Delocalised covalent bonding.
Reaction mechanisms
Reactive Intermediates
Substitution reactions
Elimination reactions
Addition reactions
Pericyclic reactions
Chemistry and mechanism of reactions
Polymeric Systems
Synthetic uses of reagents
Principles of spectroscopy and applications in structure elucidation
Chemical Engineering Fluid and Particle Dynamics
Mass Transfer
Heat Transfer
Noval Separation Processes
Process Equipment Design
Process Dynamics and Control
Material and Energy Balances
Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics
Chemical Reaction Engineering
Chemical Technology
Environmental Engineering and Safety
Process Engineering Economics
Civil Engineering Engineering Mechanics
Strength of Materials
Structural Analysis
Structural Steel Design
Design of Concrete and Masonry Structure
Fluid Mechanics
Open Channel Flow
Hydraulic Machines & Hydropower
Geo-Technical Engineering
Construction Technology
Construction Equipment
Construction Planning & Management
Survey and Transportation Engineering
Hydrology, Water Resources and Engineering
Irrigation Engineering
Environmental Engineering
Forestry Silviculture
Agroforestry, Social Forestry, Joint Forest Management & Tribology
Forest Soils, Soil Conservation and Watershed management
Environmental Conservation and Biodiversity
Tree Improvement and Seed Technology
Forest Management and Management Systems
Forest Working Plan
Forest Mensuration and Remote Sensing
Surveying and Forest Engineering
Forest Ecology and Ethnobotany
Forest Resources and Utilization
Forest Protection & Wildlife Biology
Forest Economics and Legislation
Geology General Geology
Geomorphology and Remote Sensing
Structural Geology
Stratigraphy and Geology of India
Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology
Igneous ad Metamorphic Petrology
Economic Geology
Mining Geology
Geochemistry and Environmental Geology
Mathematics Linear Algebra
Analytic Geometry
Ordinary Differential Equations
Dynamics, Statics and Hydrostatics
Vector Analysis
Real Analysis
Complex Analysis
Linear Programming
Partial differential equations
Numerical Analysis and Computer programming
Numerical integration
Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations
Computer Programming
Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics
Mechanical Engineering Theory of Machines
Mechanics of Solids
Engineering Materials
Manufacturing Science
Manufacturing Management
Elements of Computation
I.C. Engines, Fuels and Combustion
Heat Transfer, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
Turbo-Machines And Power Plants
Physics Classical Mechanics
Special Relativity, Waves & Geometrical Optics
Physical Optics
Electricity and Magnetism
Electromagnetic Theory & Black Body Radiation
Thermal and Statistical Physics
Quantum Mechanics I
Quantum Mechanics II & Atomic Physics
Molecular Physics
Nuclear Physics
Particle Physics & Solid State Physics
Statistics Probability
Statistical Inference
Linear Inference and Multivariate Analysis
Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments
Industrial Statistics
Optimization Techniques
Quantitative Economics and Official Statistics
Demography and Psychometry
Zoology Non-chordata and chordate
Economic Zoology
Instrumental methods
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology

UPSC IFS Salary and Career Prospects

A) Career Prospects

After successfully clearing the Indian Forest Services (IFS) Exam, a professional training in forestry and allied subjects at Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy, Dehradun and Foundation Course at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, candidate would have to go through a year of on-the-job field training in the state to which he or she is assigned.

The probationary period is of 4 years. After completion of this, officers are appointed to the Senior Time Scale and are nominated to be posted as the Deputy Conservators of Forests or Divisional Forest Officers in charge of districts or forest divisions.

Ranks of the Forest Service are quoted below:

  • Assistant Conservator of Forests
  • Deputy Conservator of Forests
  • Conservator of Forests (CFs)
  • Chief Conservator of Forests
  • Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests
  • Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCFs)
  • Director General of Forests-highest post, selected from amongst the senior-most PCCFs of states.

B) Pay-Scale

The starting salary as per the 7th Pay Commission is ₹56,100/- including the basic pay, grade pay and various allowances. The break down of the basic pay scales and grade pay of different posts in the Indian Forest Service are mentioned below.

Posts Basic Scale of Pay Garde Pay
Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Head of Forestry) ₹ 80,000/- APEX SCALE
Principal Chief Conservator of Forests ₹ 75,500 – ₹80,000/- HAG + SCALE
Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests ₹ 67,000 – ₹ 79,000/- HAG
Chief Conservator of Forests ₹ 37,400 – ₹ 67,000/- ₹ 10,000/- (PB-4)
Conservator of Forests ₹ 37,400 – ₹ 67,000/- ₹ 8900 (PB-4)
Deputy Conservator of Forests (Selection Grade) ₹ 37,400 – ₹ 67,000/- ₹ 8700 (PB-4)
(Junior Administrative Grade) ₹ 15,600 – ₹ 39,100/- ₹ 7600 (PB-3)
(Senior Time Scale) ₹ 15,600 – ₹ 39,100/- ₹ 6600 (PB-3)
(Junior Time Scale) ₹ 15,600 – ₹ 39,100/- ₹ 5400 (PB-3)

Application Process

Candidates are required to apply Online by using the website Detailed instructions for filling up online applications are available on the above-mentioned website.

The eligible candidates shall be issued an e-Admit Card three weeks before the commencement of the examination. The e-Admit Card will be made available in the UPSC website for being downloaded by candidates.

No Admit Card will be sent by post. For downloading the e-Admit Card the candidate must have his vital parameters like RID & Date of Birth or Roll No. (if received) & date of birth or name, father’s name & Date of Birth available with him.

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