UPSC Geo-Scientist & Geologist Exam 2019-20

Dates | Eligibility | Exam Pattern | Syllabus | Salary

Combined Geo-Scientist & Geologist Examination (in short UPSC GE) is the exam conducted by UPSC for inducting Geologists into two Govt. departments

  1. Geological Survey of India, Ministry of Mines and
  2. Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources.

The purpose of UPSC GE or Combined Geo-Scientist & Geologist Examination is to recruit the following Officers for the aforementioned Departments:

Posts in the Geological Survey of India:

  1. Geologist, Group A
  2. Geophysicist, Group A
  3. Chemist, Group A

Posts in Central Ground Water Board:

  1. Junior Hydrogeologist (Scientist B), Group A

UPSC Geo-Scientist & Geologist Exam Dates 2019-20

UPSC GE is normally conducted in the month of June and the notification for the same is published in March every year. The application submission process lasts till mid of April or so.

Starting Date of Application25 Sept. 2019
Last Date of Application15 Oct. 2019
Date of Examination19 Jan. 2020

**NOTE: The dates mentioned above are as per UPSC Examination calendar 2020

UPSC Geo-Scientist & Geologist Exam Pattern

Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist examination has two parts-

  • written examination and
  • personal interview

Candidates who clear the written examination will only be called for the personal interview.

Written Examination

Candidates appearing for the written examination have to choose the category of the post they want to apply for.

  • Maximum marks (written examination): 700 Marks,
  • Maximum marks (personal interview): 200 Marks

Here are the subject wise marks allotment details.

Sl. No.SubjectDurationMarks
1General English (common for all category)3 hrs100
Category – 1 For the post of Geologist
2Geology Paper I3 hrs200
3Geology Paper II3 hrs200
4Geology Paper III3 hrs200
Category – 2 For the post of Geophysicist
2Geophysics Paper I3 hrs200
3Geophysics Paper II3 hrs200
4Geophysics Paper III3 hrs200
Category – 3 For the post of Chemist
2Chemistry Paper I3 hrs200
3Chemistry Paper II3 hrs200
4Chemistry Paper III3 hrs200
Category – 4 For the Post of Jr. Hydrogeologist
2Geology Paper I3 hrs200
3Geology Paper II3 hrs200
4Hydrogeology Paper3 hrs200


  • Candidates competing for selection to the posts of Geologist, Geophysicist, Chemist and Junior Hydrogeologist will be required to appear in all the subjects mentioned against respective category above.
  • Candidates competing for selection for both the posts of Geologist and Jr. Hydrogeologist will be required to appear in all the subjects mentioned against Categories 1 and 4 above.
  • The examination in all the subjects will be of conventional (essay) type. All Question papers must be answered in English. The Question Papers will be set in English only.

Interview/Personality Test

The candidate will be interviewed by a Board of competent and unbiased observers who will have before them a record of his/ her career. The object of the interview is to assess his/her suitability for the posts for which he/she has competed.

Special attention will be paid in the Personality Test to assessing the candidate’s capacity for leadership, initiative and intellectual curiosity, tact and other social qualities, mental and physical energy, powers of practical application, the integrity of character and aptitude for adapting themselves to the field life.

Eligibility Criteria

To appear in UPSC Combined Geo-Scientist & Geologist Examination a candidate is to be eligible on three grounds viz. Nationality, Age limit and Educational Qualification.


A candidate must be either:

a) a Citizen of India, or
b) a subject of Nepal, or
c) a subject of Bhutan, or
d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India. or
e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) above shall be a person in whose favor a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

Age limits:

A candidate for this examination must have attained the age criteria as prescribed below:-

  • For Geologist and Geophysicist and Chemist (Group ‘A’) in the Geological Survey of India, an attached office of Ministry of Mines, Government of India: A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years.
  • For Jr. Hydrogeologist (Scientist B) (Group A) in Central Groundwater Board, Ministry of Water Resources, the candidates must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained at the age of 35 years.

Minimum Educational qualification:

Post CategoryEducational Qualification
Geologists in Geological Survey of IndiaMaster’s degree in Geological Science or Geology or Applied Geology or Geo-Exploration or Mineral Exploration or Engineering Geology or Marine Geology or Earth Science and Resource Management or Oceanography and Coastal Areas Studies or Petroleum Geosciences or Petroleum Exploration or Geochemistry or Geological Technology or Geophysical Technology.
Geophysicists in Geological Survey of IndiaM.Sc. in Physics or Applied Physics or M. Sc. (Geophysics) or Integrated M. Sc. (Exploration Geophysics) or M. Sc (Applied Geophysics) or M.Sc. (Marine Geophysics) Or M.Sc. (Tech.) (Applied Geophysics).
Chemists in Geological Survey of IndiaM. Sc. in Chemistry or Applied Chemistry or Analytical Chemistry.
Junior Hydrogeologists (Scientist B), Central Ground Water BoardMaster’s degree in Geology or Applied Geology or Marine Geology or Master’s degree in Hydrogeology from a recognized University.

UPSC Geo-Scientist & Geologist Exam Syllabus

A paper in General English is compulsory and common for all the four categories and its standard will be such as may be expected of a science graduate.

Along with this, there will 3 compulsory papers (Paper – I, II, III) for each of the respective categories

  • Geology,
  • Geophysics,
  • Chemistry, and
  • Hydrogeology

These papers of the respective categories will be approximate of the M.Sc. degree standard of an Indian University and which will test the candidate’s grasp of the fundamentals in each category.

Subjects/ PapersSyllabus
General English (Common Subject)The candidate will be required to write a short Essay in English. Other questions will be designed to test their understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.
Category – 1 For the post of Geologist
Geology IGeomorphology and Remote Sensing, Structural Geology, Geodynamics, Stratigraphy, Palaeontology
Geology IIMineralogy and Geochemistry & Isotope Geology, Igneous Petrology, Metamorphic Petrology & Processes, Sedimentology, Environmental Geology, and Natural Hazards
Geology IIIIndian mineral deposits and mineral economics, Ore Genesis and Geophysics, Mineral exploration, Geology of fuels, Engineering Geology
Category – 2 For the post of Geophysicist
Geophysics ISolid Earth Geophysics, Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Mathematical methods in Geophysics, Mathematical Methods of Physics, Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics, Electrodynamics, Introductory Atmospheric and Space Physics
Geophysics IIGeophysical Potential Fields (Gravity and Magnetic), Electrical and Electromagnetic methods, Seismic Prospecting, Borehole Geophysics (Principles of Well logging), Atomic and Molecular Physics and Properties and Characterization of materials, Nuclear and Particle Physics, Electromagnetic Theory, Classical Mechanics
Geophysics IIIRadiometric Exploration / Airborne Geophysical surveys for Geological Mapping, Marine Geophysics, Geophysical Signal Processing, Remote Sensing and GIS applications, Solid State Physics, Laser systems, Laser cavity modes, .Electronics and devices, Digital electronics, Radar systems, Satellite communications, Quantum Mechanics
Category – 3 For the post of Chemist
Chemistry IChemical periodicity, Chemical Bonding and structure, Chemistry of coordination compounds, Acid-Base reactions, Precipitation and Redox Reactions, Organometallic compounds, Nuclear chemistry, s-Block Elements, p-Block Elements, Chemistry of d- and f- block elements
Chemistry IIKinetic theory and the gaseous state, Collision of gas molecules (Real gases), Liquid state, Solid State, Thermodynamics, Application of Second law of thermodynamics, Thermodynamics and Equilibrium, Acids-bases and solvents, Solutions of non-electrolytes, Chemical kinetics and catalysis, Adsorption and Surface Chemistry, Electrochemistry, Photochemistry, Quantum Chemistry, Basic principles and application of spectroscopy, UV Spectra, PMR-NMR Spectra
Chemistry IIITheoretical basis of Quantitative inorganic analysis, Gravimetric Analysis, Sampling and treatment of samples for chemical analysis, Volumetric Analysis, Acid-base titrations, Redox Titrations, Complexometric titrations, Chromatographic methods of analysis, UV-Visible Spectroscopy, Flame photometry and Atomic absorption spectrometry, X-ray methods of Analysis, Inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy, Analysis of Minerals, Ores and Alloys, Analysis of petroleum and petroleum products, Basic organic chemistry, Organometallic compounds, Bonding and physical properties, Aldol and related reactions, Mechanism of some name reactions, Electrocyclic Reactions, Organic Reaction Mechanisms, Organic Spectroscopy
Category – 4 For the Post of Jr. Hydrogeologist
Geology I (Same as Geologists)Geomorphology and Remote Sensing, Structural Geology, Geodynamics, Stratigraphy, Palaeontology
Geology II (Same as Geologists)Mineralogy and Geochemistry & Isotope Geology, Igneous Petrology, Metamorphic Petrology & Processes, Sedimentology, Environmental Geology and Natural Hazards
HydrogeologyOrigin, occurrence and distribution of water, Groundwater Hydraulics, Groundwater Exploration and Water Well Construction, Groundwater Quality, Groundwater Management

Salary of Geologist & Geo-Scientist

After the 7th Central Pay Commission was announced, all the categories under the UPSC Combined Geo-Scientist & Geologist Examination have

  • Pay-Scale: ₹15,600/- to ₹39,100/-,
  • Grade Pay: ₹5,400/-

Along with other allowances such as DA, HRA, etc.

Post CategoryBasic Salary

Application Process

The application process for applying in the UPSC GE examination is as same as it is for other UPSC exams. Candidates have to apply online through UPSC official site.

The eligible candidates shall be issued an e-admit card weeks before the commencement of the examination.

Candidates are requested to keep ready the attested copies of the following documents for submission to the Commission soon after the declaration of the result of the written part of the examination.

  1. Certificate of Age.
  2. Certificate of Educational Qualification.
  3. Certificate in support of the claim to belong to Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and Other Backward Classes where applicable.
  4. Certificate in support of the claim for age/fee concession, where applicable.
  5. Certificate in support of being Person with Benchmark Disability (where applicable).

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