UPSC NDA & NA Exam 2019-20

Dates | Eligibility | Exam Pattern | Syllabus | Salary

The National Defence Academy & Naval Academy exam (NDA & NA in short) is conducted by UPSC for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the NDA. This exam is a gateway for candidates who are aspiring to join Defence Forces of India including Army, Navy and Air Force.

The NDA & NA Exam gives a great opportunity for the youngsters to serve the country with great vigor while leading a life with pride. The Exam is conducted twice in a year: NDA I and NDA II generally in the month of April and November every year respectively.

NDA & NA Exam Dates 2019-20

The dates for NDA I and NDA II exam are given below:

Events Dates
 NDA I Exam NDA II Exam
Official Notification Issue 08 Jan. 2020 07 Aug. 2019
Last Date of Receipt of Application 28 Jan. 2020 03 Sept. 2019
Date of Exam 19 April 2020 17 Nov. 2019
Declaration of Result May 2019 December 2019

**Note: The above-mentioned dates are tentative and may vary a little.

NDA & NA Exam Eligibility Criteria

To appear in NDA & NA Examination, a candidate is to be eligible on multiple grounds viz. Nationality, Age limit, Marital Status, Sex and Physical Standards.

i) Nationality

A candidate must be either:

a) a Citizen of India, or

b) a subject of Nepal, or

c) a subject of Bhutan, or

d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India. or

e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) above shall be a person in whose favor a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

ii) Age Limits, Sex and Marital Status

The age of a candidate should be minimum 16.5 years and maximum 19.5 years. Only unmarried male candidates are eligible to appear in the exam.

iii) Educational Qualification

(i) For Army Wing of National Defence Academy:—12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

(ii) For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy:—12th Class pass of the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent with Physics and Mathematics conducted by a State Education Board or a University.

Candidates who are appearing in the 12th Class under the 10+2 pattern of School Education or equivalent examination can also apply for this examination.

Candidates must be physically and mentally fit according to prescribed physical standards for admission to National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination.

A candidate who has resigned or withdrawn on disciplinary grounds from any of the training academies of Armed Forces is not eligible to apply.

NDA and NA Exam Pattern 2019-20

National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination 2019 will be a three-stage selection process where candidates first need to clear the exam and then qualify the Intelligence & Personality interview conducted by the Service Selection Board.

Finally comes the Medical Examination, based upon which candidates would be inducted into the academy if found to be fit.

The NDA & NA examination can be divided into two parts- the Written Examination and the SSB Interview.

A) The Written Examination (Objective Type)

Subject Maximum Marks Duration
Mathematics 300 2.5 hrs
General Ability Test 600 2.5 hrs.
Total 900  
Intelligent and Personality Test (SSB Interview): 900 Marks

Note: The question papers (test booklets) of mathematics and of general ability test will be set bilingually in Hindi as well as English.

For every wrong answer, there is negative marking. For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate. One third (0.33) of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.

Only after clearing the written examination a candidate will be called for interview.

B) Intelligent and Personality Test

The SSB interview procedure consists of a two-stage Selection process – stage I and stage II. Only those candidates who cleared the stage I are permitted to appear for stage II of the interview. The details are:

(a) Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception * Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on the combination of performance in OIR Test and PP&DT.

(b) Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference. These tests are conducted over 4 days. The details of these tests are given on the website

The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. There are no separate weightage for each test. The marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test.

In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the Candidate in the three techniques and decision of the Board. All these have equal weightage.

NDA & NA Exam Syllabus 2019:

The written examination for National Defence Academy and Naval Academy 2019, are shown hereunder:

Paper Subject Content Marks
I Mathematics i) Algebra
ii) Matrices & Determinant
iii) Trigonometry
iv) Analytical Geometry of Two or Three Dimensions
v) Differential Calculus
vi) Integral Calculus & Differential Equations
vii) Vector Algebra
viii) Statistics & Probability
II Part A- English The syllabus covers various aspects like: Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English. 200
Part B- General Knowledge The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects: Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events. 400

Career Prospects, Pay & Allowances

The candidates who clear NDA & NA written Exam and SSB Interview are inducted to the training programme after due medical tests (if found fit). The training programme runs 4-4.5 years after which the candidates are the cadets are awarded Graduation degrees as well as a rank in the respective defence wings.

During the training period at the National Defence Academy, the cadets don’t get any stipend while they can strive for various scholarships. But while the cadets during their final training at their respective defence academy they draw a fixed stipend of Rs. 56,100 per month.

A defence personnel is eligible to various emoluments including Rank Pay, Qualification Pay and other miscellaneous allowances. It varies with the ranks they hold. For details, you may read the official notification.

Let’s understand the training programme and promotional prospects of different defence wings:

Army Navy Air Force Minimum Reckonable Commissioned Service required for Substantive Promotion
Training Programme 4 yrs (3 yrs. at NDA and 1 yr. at Indian Military Academy) 4 yrs. (3 yrs. at NDA and 1 yr. at Naval Academy) 4.5 yrs. (3 yrs. at NDA and 1.5 yr. at Air Force Academy)
Promotional Avenues
(a) Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Flying Officer On Commission
(b) Captain Lieutenant Flight Lieutenant 02 Years
(c) Major Lt. Commander Squadron Leader 06 years
(d) Lieutenant Colonel Commander Wing Commander 13 years
(e) Colonel(Selection) Captain (Selection) Group Captain (Selection) On Selection
(f) Colonel (Time Scale) Captain (Time Scale) Group Captain (Time Scale) 26 years
(g) Brigadier Commodore Air Commodore On Selection
(h) Major General Rear Admiral Air Vice Marshal On Selection
(i) Lieutenant General Vice Admiral Air Marshal On Selection
(j) General Admiral Air Chief Marshal On Selection

Application Process

Candidates are required to apply Online by using the website Detailed instructions for filling up online applications are available on the above-mentioned website.

The eligible candidates shall be issued an e-Admit Card three weeks before the commencement of the examination. The e-Admit Card will be made available in the UPSC website for being downloaded by candidates.

No Admit Card will be sent by post. For downloading the e-Admit Card the candidate must have his vital parameters like RID & Date of Birth or Roll No. (if received) & date of birth or name, father’s name & Date of Birth available with him.

Candidates appearing for SSB interview for the first time for a particular type of Commission i.e. Permanent or Short Service shall be entitled for AC III Tier to and fro railway fare or bus fare including reservation cum sleeper charges within the Indian limits. Candidates who apply again for the same type of Commission will not be entitled to travelling allowance on any subsequent occasion.

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