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West Bengal Judicial Service Exam 2021

Eligibility | Dates | Pattern | Syllabus

Last Updated on 24th August, 2021
UPSC

West Bengal Judicial Service Exam is conducted by the West Bengal Public Service Commission to recruit qualified candidates for the posts of Civil Judge, Junior Division.

Civil Judge, Junior Division is a Grade III Judicial Officer who decides the civil matter and the same judge who decides the criminal matter is designated as Judicial Magistrate. These exams focus on Indian legal and constitutional governance and history, current developments of national and international interest, and the analytical aptitude and skills of the candidate.

Exam Highlights

Level of Exam Graduate, State Level
Exam Medium English
Exam Frequency Once in a year
Purpose of the Exam To recruit qualified candidate for the post of Civil Judge Jr. Division
Conducting Body West Bengal Public Service Commission
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WBJSE Exam Eligibity Criteria 2021

  1. Nationality
  2. The candidate must be

    • A citizen of India (either natural or by registration), or
    • Such other nationals as declared eligible by the Govt. of India.

  3. Educational Qualification
  4. The candidate must have a degree in law from a recognised University and enrollment as an advocate in the roll of Bar Council of any State or Union Territory in India.

  5. Age Limit
  6. The age of the candidate to appear in the WBJSE examination should be minimum of 23 years and maximum of 35 years.
    However, there are age relaxations for candidates belonging to the reserved categories. They are given below in the table:
    Category Upper Age Limit
    SC/ST 40 years
    BC 38 years
    PwD 45 years

  7. Restrictions on Attempts
  8. The number of times candidates are permitted to take the West Bengal Judicial Service Exam is given below:
    Category Number of Attempts
    Unreserved 3
    SC/ST/BC 5

WBJSE Exam Important Dates 2021

Event Date
Starting Date of Application July 7, 2021
Last Date of Application August 6, 2021
Admit Card August 24, 2021
Date of Preliminary Exam September 12, 2021

WBJSE Exam Pattern 2021

The exam consists of three stages:
Stage I: Preliminary exam
Stage II: Main exam
Stage III: Viva-Voce

Pattern for Preliminary exam

Sl. No. Name of the Paper/Section Nature Nos. of Questions Question Type Duration Negative Marking Marks
1 Paper I
Qualifying Nature 200 Objective (Multiple Choice) 150 mins 200

Pattern for Main Exam

In the Mains examination besides 8 compulsory papers, there will be three optional papers. The candidate will have to select any three of the following subjects:

  1. Hindu Law
  2. Muhammadan Law
  3. Jurisprudence and Principles of Legislation
  4. Indian Law relating to Companies and Insurance
  5. Principles of Equity including the Law of Trusts and Specific Relief
  6. Partnership Act
  7. Law of Limitation and Law of Prescription
  8. The Indian Constitution and Constitutional Law
Sl. No. Name of the Paper/Section Nature Nos. of Questions Question Type Duration Negative Marking Marks
1 Paper I: English
Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100
2 Paper II: Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali
Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100
3 Paper III: General Knowledge and Current Affairs
Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100
4 Paper IV: Civil procedure Code
Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100
5 Paper V: Criminal Procedure Code and Indian Penal Code
Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100
6 Paper VI: Indian Evidence Act
Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100
7 Paper VII: Law of Contracts and Torts
Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100
8 Paper VIII: Transfer of Property Act.
Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100
9 Paper IX (Optional Subject)

This is the first paper on Optional Subject.

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100
10 Paper X (Optional Subject)

This is the second paper on an optional subject.

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100
11 Paper XI (Optional Subject)

This is the third paper on an optional subject.

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 100

Pattern for Personality Test

Total marks allotted: 100

Out of the Candidates who qualify for the written examination, according to the merit obtained therein, candidates shall be called for Personality Test.

WBJSE Exam Syllabus 2021

Syllabus for Preliminary exam

1 Prelims Paper I

  • English Composition
  • General Knowledge, Current Affairs and Test of Reasoning
  • Indian Constitution
  • Law of Contracts and Torts
  • Laws of Evidence
  • Civil Procedure Codes
  • Criminal Procedure Code and Indian Penal Code
  • Personal Law
  • Law of Limitation

Syllabus for Main Exam

1 Mains Paper I: English

  • Composition
  • Essay
  • Precis Writing

2 Mains Paper II: Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali

  • composition
  • essay and translation from English into Bengali/Hindi/Urdu /Nepali/Santali

3 Mains Paper III: General Knowledge and Current Affairs

  • Geography
  • History
  • Important dates etc

4 Mains Paper IV: Civil procedure Code

  • Introduction
  • Suit
  • Interim Powers & Inherent Powers of Courts
  • Appeals, Reference, Review, Revision
  • Judgment, Decree and Execution
  • Limitation Act of 1963

5 Mains Paper V: Criminal Procedure Code and Indian Penal Code

  • Introduction
  • Abetment, Criminal Conspiracy
  • Offences against Human Body – I
  • Offences against Human Body – II
  • Offences against Property & Documents
  • Offences relating to Women
  • Defamation & Attempt to commit offences

6 Mains Paper VI: Indian Evidence Act

  • Introduction
  • Relevancy of Facts
  • Admissions & Confessions
  • Statements by persons who cannot be called Witnesses
  • Proof
  • Production & Effect of Evidence

7 Mains Paper VII: Law of Contracts and Torts

Law of Contract

  • Definition and essentials of a valid contract, Definition and essentials of a valid Offer, Definition and
    essentials of valid Acceptance, Communication of Offer and Acceptance, Revocation of Offer and Acceptance through various modes including electronic medium, Consideration, salient features, Exception to consideration, Doctrine of Privity of Contract, Exceptions to the privity of contract, Standard form of Contract.
  • The capacity of the parties, Effect of Minor’s Agreement, Contracts with insane persons and persons
    disqualified by law, Concepts of Free Consent, Coercion, Undue influence, Misrepresentation, Fraud, Mistake, Lawful Object, Immoral agreements and various heads of public policy, illegal agreements, Uncertain agreements, Wagering agreements, Contingent contracts, Void and Voidable contracts.
  • Discharge of Contracts, By performance, Appropriation of payments, Performance by joint promisors, Discharge by Novation, Remission, Accord and Satisfaction, Discharge by the impossibility of performance
    (Doctrine of Frustration), Discharge by Breach, Anticipatory Breach, Actual breach.
  • Quasi Contract, Necessaries supplied to a person who is incapable of entering into a contract, Payment by an interested person, Liability to pay for non-gratuitous acts, Rights of the finder of lost goods, Things
    delivered by mistake or coercion, Quantum merit, Remedies for breach of contract, Kinds of damages, liquidated and unliquidated damages and penalty, Duty to mitigate.
  • Specific Relief, Recovering possession of the property, Specific performance of the contract, Rectification of
    instruments, Rescission of contracts, Cancellation of instruments, Declaratory Decrees, Preventive Relief, Injunctions, Temporary and Perpetual injunctions, Mandatory & Prohibitory injunctions, Injunctions
    to perform the negative agreement.

Law of Torts

  • Nature of Law of Torts, Definition of Tort, Elements of Tort, Development of Law of Torts in England
    and India, Wrongful Act and Legal Damage, Damnum Sine Injuria and Injuria Sine Damnum, Tort distinguished from Crime and Breach of Contract, General Principles of Liability in Torts, Fault, Wrongful intent, Malice, Negligence, Liability without fault, Statutory liability, Parties to proceedings.
  • General Defenses to action in Torts, Vicarious Liability, Liability of the State for Torts, Defense of
    Sovereign Immunity, Joint Liability, Liability of Joint Toreadors, Rule of Strict Liability (Ryland’s V Fletcher), Rule of Absolute Liability (MC Mehta vs. Union of India), Occupiers liability, Extinction of liability, Waiver and Acquiescence, Release, Accord and Satisfaction, Death.
  • Specific Torts, Torts affecting the person, Assault, Battery, False Imprisonment, Malicious Prosecution, Nervous Shock, Torts affecting Immovable Property, Trespass to land, Nuisance, Public Nuisance
    and Private Nuisance, Torts relating to movable property, Liability arising out of accidents (Relevant provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act)
  • Defamation, Negligence, Torts against Business Relations, Injurious falsehood, Negligent Misstatement, Passing off, Conspiracy, Torts affecting family relations, Remedies, Judicial and Extra-judicial Remedies, Damages, Kinds of Damages, Assessment of Damages, Remoteness of damage, Injunctions, Death in relation to tort, Action personalize moritur cum persona.
  • Consumer Laws: Common Law and the Consumer, Duty to take care and liability for negligence, Product Liability, Consumerism, Consumer Protection Act, 1986, Salient features of the Act, Definition of
    Consumer, Rights of Consumers, Defects in goods and deficiency in services, Unfair trade practices, Redressal Machinery under the Consumer Protection Act, Liability of the Service Providers, Manufacturers and Traders under the Act, Remedies.

8 Mains Paper VIII: Transfer of Property Act.

  • Concept of Property and General Principles Relating to Transfer of Property
  • General Principles Governing Transfer of Immoveable Property
  • Specific Transfers – I: Sale and Mortgage
  • Specific Transfer – II: Lease and Gifts

9 Mains Paper IX (Optional Subject)

See the table given below in the note.

10 Mains Paper X (Optional Subject)

See the table given below in the note.

11 Mains Paper XI (Optional Subject)

See the table given below in the note.

Points Related to the Main Exam

Mains Syllabus for Optional Subject:

Sl. No Optional Subject Topics
1. Hindu Law
  • Introduction – Concept of Hindu – Sources of Hindu Law – Modern and Ancient -Two Principal Schools of Hindu Law -Application of Hindu Law.
  • Marriage – Evolution of the Institution of Marriage and Family-A detailed study of Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 –Matrimonial Remedies – Maintenance and Alimony; Customary Practices and legislative provisions relating to dowry prohibition
  • Hindu undivided family – Mitakshara Joint Family –Formation and Incidents – Property under both Schools –Karta: His Position, Powers, Privileges and Obligations –Debts –Doctrine of Pious Obligation – Partition and Reunion
  • Inheritance and Succession – Historical perspective of traditional Hindu Law relating to Inheritance – A detailed study of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956
  • Stridhana- Woman’s Property – Recent State and Central Amendments to Hindu Succession Act; Gifts and Testamentary Succession – Wills.
  • Law relating to Hindu Minority and Guardianship: Kinds of Guardians; Duties & Powers of Guardians; A detailed study of Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956; Maintenance: Traditional Rights and Rights under Hindu Adoption & Maintenance Act1956
  • Family Courts Act,1984: Salient Feature; Constitution of Family Court; Jurisdiction; Powers; Appeals & Revisions; Emerging Trends: Counseling, Role of NGO’s, Lok Adalats in Settlements of Disputes relating to marriage and Divorce; Uniform Civil Code ( Article 44 of the Indian Constitution).
2. Muhammadan Law
  • The Sources of Islamic Law: The Quran, The Sunnah, Ijma, Qiyas, Ijtihad
  • Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence
  • Islamic Criminal Law: Hadd, Taz’ir, Qisas and Diyat
  • Islamic Family Law: Marriage, Dower, Divorce, Separation by Repudiation (Talaq), Separation by Mutual Agreement (Khula), Judicial Separation (Faskh), Post-Divorce Maintenance, Child Custody, Succession.
  • Islamic Law of Contract
  • Islamic Banking and Insurance
  • Islamic International Law
  • Islamic Law and Human Rights
  • Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939
  • Muslim Family Ordinance 1961
3. Jurisprudence and Principles of Legislation
  • Jurisprudence- Its Meaning, Nature and Scope
  • Schools of Jurisprudence
  • Nature of law and Administration of Justice
  • The Concept of Legal Rights and Duties
  • Legal Status of Persons
  • The Concept of Possession and Ownership
  • Liability
  • The Law of Obligations
4. Indian Law relating to Companies and Insurance
  • Company Law, Principles & Concepts
  • Company Administration and Meetings – Law and Practices
  • Members and Shareholders
  • Debt Instruments
  • Charges
  • Distribution of profits
  • Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Accounts, Audit and Auditors
  • Transparency and Disclosure
5. Principles of Equity including the Law of Trusts and
Specific Relief
  • Resulting Trusts including in a commercial context
  • Common Intention Constructive trusts
  • Remedial and institutional constructive trusts
  • Running a trust (trustee powers eg of advancement and rights of beneficiaries eg to vary the trust)
  • Trustees and investment
  • Fiduciary duties (including trustees and other fiduciaries)
  • Remedies including tracing
  • Secret trusts
6. Partnership Act
  • Nature of Partnership
  • Rights and Duties of Partners
  • Relation of Partners to Third Parties
  • Incoming & Outgoing Partners (Rights & Liabilities)
  • Dissolution of a Firm
7. Law of Limitation and Law of Prescription
  • Limitation of Suits, Appeals and Applications
  • Computation of Limitation
  • Acquisition of Ownership by Possession
  • The Schedule – Period of Limitation
8. The Indian Constitution and Constitutional Law
  • Historical Perspective
  • Equality and Social Justice
  • Personal Liberty
  • Preventive Detention
  • Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles

Syllabus for Personality Test

There is no specified syllabus for Viva – Voce but the interview is intended to supplement the written examination for testing the general and specialised knowledge in law & other subjects as well as the abilities to solve the problem during the course of work.

The Board will pay special attention to assess:

  • intellectual curiosity,
  • critical powers of assimilation,
  • balance of judgment and alertness of mind,
  • the ability for social cohesion,
  • integrity of character initiative and
  • capacity for leadership.

The candidate will be expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in his/her subjects of law but also in events which are happening around him/her both within and outside his/her own State or Country.

They must have knowledge in the field of Current Affairs, New Discoveries & Inventions also. The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination, but of a natural, through directed and purposive conversation intended to reveal the candidate’s mental qualities and his/her grasp of problems.

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