UPSC Civil Services Exam 2021

Eligibility | Dates | Pattern | Syllabus

Last Updated on 12th October, 2021
UPSC

UPSC Civil Services Examination is considered among the top competitive exams of India. Hence, it is very important that the UPSC Civil Services Exam pattern is well known to all its aspirants. Commonly known as the IAS exam, the UPSC Civil Services Exam syllabus is a must known thing if you really consider yourself as an aspirant.

The UPSC Civil Services Examination (UPSC CSE) is a nationwide competitive exam conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS) among many others.

Exam Highlights
Level of Exam Graduate, National Level
Exam Medium English, Hindi
Exam Frequency Once in a year
Purpose of the Exam Selection of candidates to the various posts of Civil Services of India.
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission
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UPSC Civil Services Exam Eligibity Criteria 2021

  1. Nationality
  2. For the Indian Administrative Service, the Indian Foreign Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.
    For other services, a candidate must be either:—
    (a) a citizen of India, or
    (b) a subject of Nepal, or
    (c) a subject of Bhutan, or
    (d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
    (e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
    Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

  3. Educational Qualification
  4. Candidate applying for civil service exams is required to fulfill the following criteria:

    • He/she must hold a Bachelor’s Degree from any of the recognized universities
    • Candidates who have appeared for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results or those who are yet to appear for the qualifying examination are also eligible for the Preliminary Examination.
    • Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government or its equivalent are also eligible to apply.

  5. Age Limit
  6. The age of the candidate to appear in the UPSC Civil Services Exam should be minimum of 21 years and maximum of 32 years.
    However, there are age relaxations for candidates belonging to the reserved categories. They are given below in the table:
    Category Upper Age Limit
    Other Backward Class (OBC) 35 years
    Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) 37 years
    Defence Service Personnel disabled during service 35 years
    Ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years military service as on 1st August 2020 and have been released 37 years
    PwD [(a) blindness and low vision; (b) deaf and hard of hearing; (c) locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy; (d) autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability and mental illness; and (e) multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses (a) to (d) including deaf-blindness] 42 years

  7. Restrictions on Attempts
  8. The number of times candidates are permitted to take the UPSC Civil Services Exam is given below:
    Category Number of Attempts
    OBC 9
    SC/ST No restriction
    Physically Handicapped (General) 9
    Physically Handicapped (OBC) 9
    Physically Handicapped (SC/ST) No restriction
    General 6

    A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination.

List of Services under UPSC CSE

All India Services (Group A)

  • Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
  • Indian Police Service (IPS)
  • Indian Forest Service (IFS)

Central Services (Group A)

  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS)
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)
  • Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)
  • Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)
  • Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)
  • Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
  • Indian Information Service (IIS)
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
  • Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS)
  • Indian Postal Service (IPoS)
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)
  • Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT)
  • Indian Revenue Service (IRS-C&CE)
  • Indian Trade Service (ITrS)
  • Railway Protection Force (RPF)

Group B Services

  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (AFHCS)
  • Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service (DANICS)
  • Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service (DANIPS)
  • Pondicherry Civil Service (PCS)
  • Pondicherry Police Service (PPS)

UPSC Civil Services Exam Important Dates 2021

Event Date
Starting Date of Application March 4, 2021
Last Date of Application March 24, 2021
Preliminary Exam October 10, 2021
Result of Preliminary Examination To be notified
Main Examination January 7, 2022

UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern 2021

The Civil Service Examination pattern can be segregated into three stages:
Stage I: A Preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II also popularly known as Civil Service Aptitude Test or CSAT)
Stage II: After that, Mains examination consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type
Stage III: And a personality test (interview).

Pattern for Preliminery Exam

The preliminary examination, now popularly known as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) (officially it is still called General Studies Paper-1 and Paper-2), intends to focus on analytical abilities and understanding rather than the ability to memorize.

Sl. No. Name of the Paper/Section Nature Nos. of Questions Question Type Duration Negative Marking Marks
1 Paper – I: General Studies
Merit Ranking Nature 100 Objective (Multiple Choice) 120 mins 1/3rd marks will be deducted for each wrong answer. 200
2 Paper – II: General Studies (CSAT)
Qualifying Nature 80 Objective (Multiple Choice) 120 mins 1/3rd marks will be deducted for wrong answers. 200
Total Marks* 200

*The total marks shown here are considered for merit ranking purposes.

Pattern for Mains Exam

The written examination consists of nine papers, two qualifyings and seven rankings in nature. The range of questions may vary from just one mark to sixty marks, twenty words to 600 words answers. Candidates who pass qualifying papers are ranked according to marks and a selected number of candidates are called for interview or a personality test at the Commission’s discretion.

Sl. No. Name of the Paper/Section Nature Nos. of Questions Question Type Duration Negative Marking Marks
1 Paper – A: Compulsory Indian Language

One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the languages included in the Eight Schedule to the Constitution.

Qualifying Nature Descriptive 180 mins 300
2 Paper – B: English
Qualifying Nature Descriptive 180 mins 300
3 Paper-I: Essay

To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice. Candidate is required to write an essay on a specific topic.

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 250
4 Paper-II: General Studies-I

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 250
5 Paper-III: General Studies-II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 250
6 Paper-IV: General Studies-III

Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 250
7 Paper-V: General Studies-VI

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 250
8 Paper-VI: Optional Paper-I

Candidates may choose any optional subject from amongst the list of optional subjects.

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 250
9 Paper-VII: Optional Paper-II

Candidates may choose any optional subject from amongst the list of optional subjects.

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 180 mins 250
Total Marks* 1750

*The total marks shown here are considered for merit ranking purposes.

Pattern for Personality Test

Total marks allotted: 275

Officially called the “Personality Test“, the objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to evaluate the mental calibre of a candidate.

UPSC Civil Services Exam Syllabus 2021

Syllabus for Preliminery Exam

1 Prelims Paper – I: General Studies

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation General Science.

2 Prelims Paper – II: General Studies (CSAT)

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

Syllabus for Mains Exam

1 Mains Paper – A: Compulsory Indian Language

  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essay
  • Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa

2 Mains Paper – B: English

  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essay

3 Mains Paper-I: Essay

  • Any Topic/Topics (Current issues)

4 Mains Paper-II: General Studies-I

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism. Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

5 Mains Paper-III: General Studies-II

  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and forum- their structure, mandate.

6 Mains Paper-IV: General Studies-III

  • Management Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issue of buffer stock and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

7 Mains Paper-V: General Studies-VI

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

8 Mains Paper-VI: Optional Paper-I

  • Paper I is theoretical in nature.
  • The list of optional subjects are given below.

9 Mains Paper-VII: Optional Paper-II

  • Paper II is often dominated by Current Affairs and Application based questions.
  • The list of optional subjects are given below.

Points Related to the Mains Exam

The subjects available for Mains Papers VI and VII are:

Sl. No. Optional Subjects Paper I Paper-II
1. Agriculture
  • Ecology and its relevance to man,
  • Cropping Patterns
  • Important features
  • Weeds, their characteristics
  • Soil-physical, chemical and biological properties
  • Cell structure
  • History of plant breeding
  • Seed production and processing technologies
  • Principles of plant physiology
  • Enzymes and plant pigments
2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Animal Nutrition
  • Animal reproduction
  • Livestock production and Management
  • Anatomy, pharmacology and Hygiene.
  • Animal diseases
  • Veterinary Public Health
  • Milk and Milk Products Technology
  • Meat hygiene and Technology
3. Anthropology
  • Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology
  • Marriage
  • Family
  • Kinship
  • Economic Organization
  • Political Organization and Social Control
  • Religion
  • Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization
  • Palaeo
  • Demographic profile of India
  • Caste system in India
  • Indian Village
  • Tribal situation in India
  • Problems of the tribal communities
4. Botany
  • Microbiology and Plant Pathology
  • Cryptogams
  • Phanerogams
  • Plant resource development
  • Morphogenesi
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics, Molecular Biology and Evolution
  • Plant breeding, Biotechnology and Biostatistics
  • Physiology and Biochemistry
  • Ecology and Plant Geography
5. Chemistry
  • Atomic structure
  • Chemical bonding
  • Solid state
  • The gaseous state and transport phenomenon
  • Liquid state
  • Thermodynamics
  • Phase Equilibria and solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Bio-inorganic chemistry
  • Coordination Chemistry
  • Main group chemistry
  • Delocalised covalent bonding
  • Reaction mechanism
  • Pericyclic reaction
  • Preparation and properties of polymers
  • Synthetic uses of reagents
  • Photochemistry
  • Spectroscopy
6. Civil Engineering
  • Engineering mechanics
  • Strength of materials
  • Structural analysis
  • Design of structures
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Geotechnical engineering
  • Construction technology
  • Construction
  • Construction planning and management
  • Surveying and transportation engineering
  • Hydrology, water resources and engineering
  • Environmental engineering
  • Environmental pollution
7. Commerce and Accountancy
  • Financing Accounting
  • Cost Accounting
  • Financial markets and institution
  • Organisation theory
  • Organisation behaviour
  • Human resources management
  • Industrial relations
8. Economics
  • Advanced micro economics
  • Advance macro economics
  • Money banking and finance
  • International economics
  • Growth and development
  • Indian economics in post-independence era
  • Indian economy after independence
9. Electrical Engineering
  • Circuits-theory
  • Signals and systems
  • E.M. theory
  • Analog Electronics
  • Digital Electronics
  • Energy conversation
  • Power electronics and electric drives
  • Analog communication
  • Control systems
  • Microprocessors and microcomputers
  • Measurement and instrumentation
  • Power systems: analysis and control
  • Power system protection
  • Digital communication
10. Geography
  • Geomorphology
  • Climatology
  • Oceanography
  • Biography
  • Environmental geography
  • Perspectives in Human geography
  • Economic geography
  • Population and settlement geography
  • Regional planning
  • Models, theories and laws in human geography
  • Physical setting
  • Resources
  • Agriculture
  • Industry
  • Transport, communication and trade
  • Cultural setting
  • Settlements
  • Regional development and planning
  • Political aspects
  • Contemporary issues
11. Geology
  • General Geology
  • Geomorphology and remote sensing
  • Structural geology
  • Paleontology
  • Indian stratigraphy
  • Hydrogeology and engineering geology
  • Mineralogy
  • Igneous and metamorphic petrology
  • Sedimentary Petrology
  • Economic geology
  • Mining geology
  • Geochemistry and environmental geology
12. History
  • Sources
  • Pre-history and proto-history
  • Indus valley civilisation
  • Megalithic cultures
  • Aryans and vedic period
  • Period of mahajanapadas
  • Mauryan empire
  • Post-mauryan period
  • Early state and society in Eastern India
  • Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas
  • Regional states during gupta era
  • Mughal empire in the seventeenth century
  • Culture during Mughal Empire
  • The eighteenth-century
  • European penetration into India
  • British expansion in India
  • Early structure of the British Raj
  • Economic impact of British Colonial role
  • Social and cultural development
  • Indian response to British rule
  • Enlightenment and modern ideas
  • Origins of modern politics
  • Industrialization
  • Imperialism and colonialism
  • World wars
  • Liberation from colonial rule
  • Decolonization and underdevelopment.
13. Law
  • Constitutional and administrative law
  • International law.
  • Law of crimes
  • Law of Torts
  • Law of contracts and mercantile
  • Contemporary legal development
14. Assamese
  • Origin and development of Assamese language
  • Development of Assamese prose
  • Assamese vocabulary
  • Morphology of the language
  • Dilectical divergence
  • Assamese script
  • Principles of literary criticism up to new criticism
  • Different literary genres
  • Development of literary forms in Assamese
  • Ramayana by Madhava Kandali
  • Parijat-Harana by Sankardeva
  • Rasakrida by Sankardeva
  • Bargeet by Madhavadeva
  • Katha Bhagavata by Baikunthanath Bhattacharya
  • Gurucharit katha by Maheswar Neog.
  • Mor Jeevan Sonwaran by Lakshminath Bezbaroa
  • Gaonburha by Padmanath Gohain Barua
15. Bengali
  • Historical stages of Bangla
  • Elements of Bangla Vocabulary
  • Forms of Bangla Literary Prose
  • Processes of language
  • Periodization of Bangla literature
  • Modern and pre-modern Bangla literature
  • Secular forms in middle Bangla literature
  • Development of prose
  • Women and Bangla literature
  • Vaishnava Padavali
  • Chandimangal
  • Chaitanya Charitamrita
  • Meghnadbadh Kavya
  • Raktakarabi
  • Nabajatak
  • Grihadaha
  • Prabandha Samgraha
  • Aranyak
  • Short stories by Manik Bandyopadhyay
  • Shrestha Kavita
  • Jagori
  • Ebam Indrajit
16. History of Bodo Language and Literature
  • Homeland, language family, its present status
  • Morphology
  • Vocabulary and its sources
  • Syntax
  • Bodo folk literature
  • Contribution of the missionaries
  • Khonthai-Methai
  • Hathorkhi-Hala
  • Raja Nilambar
  • Bibar
  • Bibi Bithai
  • Radab
  • Okhrang Gongse Nangou
  • Jaolia Dewan
17. Dogri
  • Origin and development of Dogri language
  • Linguistic boundaries of Dogri
  • Structure of Dogri language
  • Dogri language and Scripts
  • Pre-independence Dogri literature
  • Dogri poetry
  • Dogri prose
  • Poets: Devi Ditta, Lakkhu, Ganga Ram, Ramdhan, Hardutt.
  • Modern Dogri Poetry. Poets: Kishan Smailpuri, Tara
  • Smailpuri, Mohan Lal Sapolia, Yash Sharma
  • Ramayan by Shambhu Nath Sharma
  • Veer Gulab by Dinoo Bhai Pant
18. English
  • King Lear and the tempest
  • Paradise Lost
  • The rape of the lock
  • In Memoriam
  • A Doll’s House
  • Gulliver’s Travels
  • Pride and Prejudice
  • Hard Times
  • Poems by William Butler Yeats, T.S. Eliot, W.H.Auden, John Osborne, Samuel Beckett, Philip Larkin, A.K. Ramanujan
  • Joseph Conrad. Lord Jim
  • D.H. Lawrence. Sons and Lovers.
  • E.M. Forster. A passage to India.
19. Gujarati
  • History of Gujarati language
  • Features of Gujarati language
  • Jaina tradition
  • Bhakti tradition
  • Non-sectarian tradition
  • Sudharak yug
  • Narratives
  • Folk
  • Modern
  • Criticism
  • Medieval
  • Sudharakyug and Pandityug
  • Gandhiyug and Anugandhiyug
  • Adhunikyug
20. Hindi
  • Apbhransh, Awahatta and Arambhik Hindi
  • Development of Braj and Awadhi as Literary language
  • Standardisation of Hindi bhasa
  • Salient features of Nagari Lipi
  • Grammatical structures of Standard Hindi
  • Bhaktikal
  • Ritikal
  • Adhunik kal
  • Kabir Granthawali
  • Bhramar Gitsar
  • Ramcharit Manas
  • Bihari Ratnakar
  • Bharat Bharati
  • Kamayani
  • Rag-Virag
  • Kurukshetra
  • Angan ke Par Dwar
  • Bharat durdasha
  • Ashad ka ek din
21. Kannada
  • History of Kannada language
  • History of Kannada literature
  • Poetics and Literary criticism
  • Cultural History of Karnataka
  • Old Kannada Literature
  • Medieval Kannada Literature
  • Modern Kannada Literature
  • Folk Literature
22. Kashmiri
  • Genealogical relationship of the Kashmiri language
  • Areas of occurrence and dialects
  • Phonology and grammar
  • Syntactic structure
  • Nineteenth century in the 14th century
  • Nineteenth century Kashmiri literature
  • Modern Kashmiri literature
  • Study of Kashmiri poetry up to the nineteenth century
  • Kashmiri poetry
  • Twentieth Century Kashmiri poetry
  • Literary criticism and research work
  • An analytical study of the short story in Kashmir
  • Novel: Mujrim, Marun
  • Drama
  • Kashmiri folk literature
23. Konkani
  • Origin and development of the language and influences on it
  • Major variants of Konkani
  • Grammatical and lexicographic work in Konkani
  • Old standard Konkani
  • History of Konkani literature
  • Social and cultural background
  • Old Konkani language and literature
  • Otmo Denvcharak
  • Vajralikhani
  • Konkani Lalit Niband
  • Demand
  • Godde Ramayan
  • Zayo Zuyo
  • Ratnahar I and II
  • Yaman
24. Maithili
  • Place of Maithili in Indo-European Language family.
  • Origin and development of Maithili language
  • Vidyapati and his tradition
  • Maithili folk literature
  • Development of different literary forms in modern era.
  • Vidyapati Geet-Shati
  • Krishnajanm
  • Keechak vadh
  • Datta-Vati
  • Chitra Yatri
  • Varna Ratnakar
  • Lorik
  • Prithvi putra
  • Kriti Rajkamalak
  • Katha Sangrah
25. Malayalam
  • Early phase of Malayalam language
  • Linguistic features of Manipravalam, folklore, early Malayalam prose
  • Standardisation of Malayalam
  • Ancient and Medieval literature
  • Poetry
  • Prose
  • Ramacharitam
  • Unnunilisandesam
  • Kumaran Asan
  • Vailoppilli
  • Akkittam
  • O. Chanthu Menon
  • Thakazhy
  • M.T. Vasudevan Nair
  • N.S. Madahvan
  • C.J. Thomas
  • Kuttikrishna Marar
  • M.K. Sanu
26. Manipuri
  • General characteristics of Manipuri Language
  • Significant features of Manipuri language
  • Phonology
  • Literary history of Manipuri
  • Old Manipuri literature
  • Medieval Manipuri literature
  • Modern Manipuri Literature
  • Drama
  • Epic
  • Novel
  • Short-story
27. Marathi
  • Nature and functions of language
  • Dialects of Marathi
  • Marathi Grammar
  • Nature and kinds of folk-lore
  • History of Marathi literature
· Prose: Smritishala, Brahmankanya, Sashtang Namaskar,
Gouri Deshpande, P.I. Sonkamble· Poetry: Painajan, Damayanti-Swayamvar, Balakvinchi
Kavita, Vishakha, Maridgandh.
28. Nepali
  • Origin and development of Nepali
  • Fundamentals of Nepali grammar
  • Major dialects of Nepali
  • Standardisation and modernisation of Nepali
  • Fundamental concepts and theories of literature
  • Major literary trends and movements
  • Nepali folklores
  • Udaya Lahari
  • Tarun Tapasi
  • Jaleko Pratibimbo Royeko
  • Prahlad
  • Andhyaroma
  • Sahara
  • Katha Navaratna
  • Katha Sampaad
  • Laxmi Nibandha Sangraha
  • Das Gorkha
29. Oriya
  • Origin and development of Oriya language
  • Phonetics and phonemics
  • Morphology
  • Syntax
  • Semantics
  • Common errors in spellings
  • Historical background
  • Ancient epics
  • Modern trends in poetry, drama short story, novel essay and literary criticism.
  • Shanti parva from Mahabharata
  • Bhagabata
  • Raskallola
  • Lavanyabati
  • Chandrabhaga
  • Jeevan
  • Kabita
  • Saptama Ritu
  • Drama
  • Novel
  • Short story
  • Essay
30. Punjabi
  • Origin of Punjabi language
  • Punjabi morphology
  • Language and dialect
  • Classical background
  • Modern trends
  • Folk literature
  • Epic
  • Drama
  • Novel
  • Socio cultural literary influences
  • Sheikh Farid
  • Guru Nanak
  • Bulleh Shah
  • Waris Shah
  • Shah Mohammad
  • Dhani Ram Chatrik
  • Nanak Singh
  • Gurbaksh Singh
  • Balwant Gargi
31. Sanskrit
  • Significant features of the grammar, karaka, Samasa, Kartari, Karmani· Main characteristics of Vedic Sanskrit language
  • General knowledge of literary history of Sanskrit, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Essential of Indian culture
  • Trends of Indian Philosophy
  • Short essay
  • Raghuvamsam
  • Kumarasambahvam
  • Kiratarjuniyam
  • Sisupalavadham
  • Bhagavadgita
  • Ramayana
  • Arthasastra of Kautilya
  • Meghadutam
  • Nitisatakam
  • Panchatantra
  • Rajatarangini
  • Amarukasatakam
  • Gitagovindam
32. Santhali
  • History of Santhali language
  • History of Santhali literature
  • Folk literature in Santhali
  • Modern literature in Santhali
  • Santhali Writers
  • Prose
  • Poetry
  • Modern literature: Poetry, novels, stories, Drama, Biography
33. Sindhi
  • Origin and evolution of of Sindhi language
  • Major dialects of the Sindhi language
  • Sindhi vocabulary
  • Historical study of various writing system
  • Changes in the structure of Sindhi language
  • Early medieval literature
  • Shah jo choond Shair
  • Sachal Jo Choond Kalam
  • Sami a ja
  • Drama
34. Tamil
  • History of Tamil Language
  • History of Tamil literature
  • Devotional literature
  • Recent trends in Tamil Studies
  • Folk literature in Tamil
  • The cultural heritage of the Tamils
  • Ancient literature
  • Epic literature
  • Devotional literature
  • Poetry
  • Prose
  • Novel
  • Folk literature
35. Telugu
  • Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages
  • Major linguistic changes in phonological, morphological, grammatical and syntactical levels
  • Evolution of spoken Telugu
  • Dialects of Telugu
  • Syntax
  • Translation
  • Aesthetic Approach
  • Sociological Approach
  • Molla Ramayanamu
  • Kasula Purushothama Kavi
  • Gurajada Appa Rao
  • Sri Sri-Maha prastanam
  • Jashuva Gabbilam
  • C. Narayana Reddy
36. Urdu
  • Development of Indo Aryan
  • Western Hindi and its dialects
  • Poetry: Ghazal, Masnavi, Qasida, Marsia, Rubai
  • Prose: Novel, Short story, Dastan, Drama
  • Bagho-Babar
  • Intikhab-e-khutoot-e Ghalib
  • Nairang-e-Khayal
  • Godan
  • Diwan-e-Ghalib
  • Gul-e-Naghma
  • Dast-e-Saba
  • Bint-e-Lamhat
37. Management
  • Managerial function and Process
  • Organisational behaviour and Design
  • Human Resource Management
  • Accounting for Managers
  • Financial Management
  • Marketing Management
  • Quantitative Techniques in Decision-making
  • Production and Operations Management
  • Management Information System
  • Government Business Interface
  • Strategic cost Management
  • International Business
38. Mathematics
  • Linear Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Analytic Geometry
  • Ordinary Differential equations
  • Dynamics and Statics
  • Vector Analysis
  • Algebra
  • Real analysis
  • Complex analysis
  • Linear programming
  • Partial Differential equations
  • Numerical Analysis and Computer Programming
  • Mechanics and fluid dynamics
39. Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics
  • Engineering Materials
  • Theory of Machines
  • Manufacturing science
  •  Thermodynamics, Gas Dynamics Turbine
  • Heat transfer
  • Engines
  • Steam engineering
  • Refrigeration and Air- conditioning
40. Medical Science
  • Human Anatomy
  • Human Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Pharmacology
  • General Medicine
  • Paediatrics
  • Dermatology
  • General Surgery
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Community medicine
41. Philosophy
  • Plato and Aristotle
  • Rationalism
  • Hegel
  • Carvaka
  • Jainism
  • Schools of Buddhism
  • Social and political ideals
  • Sovereignty
  • Political ideologies
  • Humanism
  • Notions of god
  • Problem of evil
  • Religion and morality
42. Physics
  • Mechanic of particles
  • Mechanics of rigid bodies
  • Waves and optics
  • Electricity and Magnetism
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Thermal and statistical physics
  • Quantum mechanics
  • Atomic and molecular physics
  • Nuclear and particle physics
  • Solid-state physics, devices and electronics
43. Political Science and International Relations
  • Political theory
  • Theories of state
  • Justice
  • Equality
  • Rights
  • Democracy
  • Making of Indian constitution
  • Salient features of the Indian Constitution
  • Comparative politics
  • State in Comparative Perspective
  • Globalisation
  • India and the world
44. Psychology
  • Introduction
  • Methods of Psychology
  • Research Methods
  • Development of Human behaviour
  • Learning
  • Memory
  • Thinking and problem solving
  • Motivation and emotion
  • Personality
  • Language and Communication
  • Psychological measurement of Individual differences
  • Therapeutic Approaches
  • Work Psychology and Organisational behaviour
  • Community Psychology
  • Rehabilitation psychology
  • The psychological problem of social integration
  • Psychology and Economic development
45. Public Administration
  • Introduction
  • Administrative thought
  • Administrative behaviour
  • Organisation
  • Administrative law
  • Evolution of Indian administration
  • Public sector undertaking
  • Union government and administration
  • Plans and priorities
  • Civil services
  • Financial management
46. Fundamentals of Sociology
  • Sociology – the Discipline
  • Sociology as Science
  • Research methods and Analysis
  • Sociological thinkers
  • Works and Economic life
  • Politics and Society
  • Introducing Indian Society
  • Social structure
  • Social changes in India
  • Social movements in modern India
  • Population dynamics
  • Challenges of Social Transformation
47. Statistics
  • Probability
  • Statistical Inference
  • Linear inference and multivariate analysis
  • Sampling Theory and Design of experiments
  • Industrial statistics
  • Optimization techniques
  • Quantitative economics and official statistics
  • Demography and psychometry
48. Zoology
  • Non-chordata and Chordata
  • Ecology
  • Ethology
  • Economic zoology
  • Biostatistics
  • Instrumentation method
  • Cell biology
  • Genetics
  • Evolution
  • Systematics
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Developmental Biology

Syllabus for Personality Test

There is no specific syllabus for IAS interview. In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only a candidate’s intellectual qualities but also social traits and interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, the balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, the ability for social cohesion, LEADERSHIP, and intellectual and moral integrity.

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