Bihar Judicial Service Exam 2021

Eligibility | Dates | Pattern | Syllabus

Last Updated on 12th October, 2021
UPSC

The Bihar Public Service Commission conducts the Bihar Judicial Service Exam every year for the recruitment of Civil Judge (Senior Division) and Civil Judge (Junior Division). The Governor shall decide in each year the number of vacancies in the posts of [Civil Judge (Junior Division)] to be filled in that year in accordance with the rules in Part II or in accordance with the rules in Part III, or both.

Recruitment to the posts of Civil Judge (Junior Division) shall be made either in accordance with the rules in Part II or in accordance with the rules in Part III or both.
Recruitment to the posts of Civil Judge (Senior Division) shall be made, by the High Court; by the promotion of Munsifs confirmed under rule 27. The examination is conducted as per the rules given under The Bihar Civil Service (Judicial Branch) (Recruitment) Rules, 1955 (as amended).

These exams focus on Indian legal and constitutional governance and history, current developments of national and international interest, and analytical aptitude and skills of the candidate.

Exam Highlights
Level of Exam Graduate, State Level
Exam Medium English, Hindi
Exam Frequency Once in a year
Purpose of the Exam To recruit Civil Judge for the State of Bihar
Conducting Body Bihar Public Service Commission
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Bihar Judicial Service Exam Eligibity Criteria 2021

  1. Nationality
  2. A candidate must be a citizen of India as defined in Article 5 & 6 of the Constitution of India.

  3. Educational Qualification
  4. To be eligible to appear in the BPSC Judicial Service Exam, the candidate must be a holder of a Degree in Law from a recognized university.
    The candidate also must hold the license of practice as an advocate i.e he/she must clear the All India Bar Examination(AIBE) for appearing in the BPSC Judicial Service Examination.

  5. Age Limit
  6. The age of the candidate to appear in the Bihar Judicial Service Exam should be minimum of 22 years and maximum of 35 years.
    However, there are age relaxations for candidates belonging to the reserved categories. They are given below in the table:
    Category Upper Age Limit
    Schedule Caste/ Schedule Tribe 40 years
    Other Backward Classes 40 years
    Women 40 years
    Person with Disabilities 40 years

  7. Restrictions on Attempts
  8. The number of times candidates are permitted to take the Bihar Judicial Service Exam is given below:
    Category Number of Attempts
    Unreserved Category 5

    For Women and Reserved Category Candidates, there are no restrictions provided the upper age limit has not been exceeded.

Bihar Judicial Service Exam Important Dates 2021

Event Date
Starting Date of Application May 5, 2020
Last Date of Application June 3, 2020
Preliminary Exam December 6, 2020
Mains Examination To be Notified

Bihar Judicial Service Exam Pattern 2021

The BPSC conducts the Bihar Judicial Service Exam every year for the recruitment of civil judges. The BPSC Judicial Service recruitment is carried out in three phases –

  • Stage 1: Preliminary examination
  • Stage 2: Main examination
  • Stage 3: Viva – Voce/ Interview

Each phase is a deciding factor for the candidate to appear for the next phase of examination.

Pattern for Preliminary Examination

The Candidates will have to appear in a Preliminary Examination consisting of two papers i.e. Paper – 1 of 100 Marks & Paper – 2 of 150 Marks. The candidates will have to obtain 45% (40% for Reserved Category) or more marks in the Preliminary will be eligible for appearing in the final written examination.

Sl. No. Name of the Paper/Section Nature Nos. of Questions Question Type Duration Negative Marking Marks
1 General Studies

To test the General knowledge, Current Affairs, Mental Ability, General Science and Knowledge of the law.

Merit Ranking Nature Objective (Multiple Choice) 100
2 Law

To test the Knowledge of the law.

Merit Ranking Nature Objective (Multiple Choice) 150
Total Marks* 250

*The total marks shown here are considered for merit ranking purposes.

Pattern for Main written Examination

The Main Written Examination will be divided into two parts i.e. Compulsory Papers & Optional Papers. A total of 850 marks will be considered for raking. There are 5 Compulsory Papers and 5 optional papers. Out of 5 Optional Papers, a candidate has to choose and attempt only 3 papers of 150 marks each.
All the candidates must obtain the cut-off marks as decided by the authority in the Final written examination to be eligible for Viva-Voce.

Sl. No. Name of the Paper/Section Nature Nos. of Questions Question Type Duration Negative Marking Marks
1 General Knowledge

To test the general knowledge, current affairs, aptitude, intelligence and ability of reasoning of the candidate.

Merit Ranking Nature Both Objective & Descriptive 150
2 Elementary General Science

To test the knowledge of elementary science, intelligence and ability to understand the subject by the candidate.

Merit Ranking Nature Both Objective & Descriptive 100
3 General Hindi

To assess the command over the Hindi language.

Qualifying Nature Both Objective & Descriptive 100
4 General English

To assess the command over the English language.

Qualifying Nature Both Objective & Descriptive 100
5 Law of Evidence And Procedures: Law Of Evidence and Procedural Law

To test the knowledge of law & intelligence in solving the problems that emerged during the process of law.

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 150
6 Paper-6 (Optional)

This is the first optional paper.

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 150
7 Paper-7 (Optional)

This is the second optional paper.

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 150
8 Paper-8 (Optional)

This is the third optional paper

Merit Ranking Nature Descriptive 150
Total Marks* 850

*The total marks shown here are considered for merit ranking purposes.

Bihar Judicial Service Exam Syllabus 2021

Syllabus for Preliminary Examination

1 General Studies

  • General Knowledge including Current Affairs
  • General Science

2 Law

  • Constitution of India
  • Administrative Law
  • Criminal Procedure Code
  • Indian Penal Code
  • Indian Evidence Act
  • Hindu Law and Mohammadan Law
  • Code of Civil Procedure
  • Transfer of Property Act
  • Indian Contract Act
  • Principles of Equity
  • Law of Trusts and Specific Relief Act
  • Law of Torts
  • Commercial Law

Syllabus for Main written Examination

1 General Knowledge

Indian History, India & World Geography, Indian & World Economy, Current Affairs, Politics, Indian Culture, Famous Places in India and World, Famous Personalities, Honors and Awards, World Organisations, Sports, Books and Authors, Days and Years, Inventions.

Areas, Averages, Simplification and Approximation, Races and Games, Probability, Numbers and Ages, Quadratic Equations, Odd Man Out, Boats and Streams, Indices and Surds, Pipes and Cisterns, Compound Interest, Permutations and Combinations, Problems on Trains, Problems on LCM and HCF, Volumes, Percentages, Problems on Numbers, Simple Interest, Time and Distance, Mensuration, Profit and Loss, Ratio and Proportion, Mixtures and Allegations, Simple Equations, Time and Work, Partnership.

Situation reaction test, Number series, Assertion and reason, Logical Venn diagram, Coding-decoding, Data Sufficiency, Blood relations, Sequential output tracing, Puzzle test, Logical sequence test, Direction sense test, Classifications, Inserting the missing characters, Eligibility test, Analogy, Syllogism, Inequalities, Alphabet test, Machine input, Alpha-numerical sequence puzzle, Sitting arrangement, Arithmetical operations, Numbers, ranking, and time sequence test.

2 Elementary General Science

Basic Knowledge of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

3 General Hindi

  • Hindi Grammer:
    Synonyms, Homonyms, Antonyms, Direct and Indirect speech, Data Interpretation, Spotting Errors, Passage Completion, Word Formation, Sentence Completion, Part of Speech, Error Correction (Phrase in Bold), Theme Detection, Spelling Test, Fill in the blanks, Sentence Improvement, Sentence Arrangement, Substitution, Joining Sentences, Tenses, Active and Passive Voice, Idioms and Phrases, Para Completion, Translation, Error Correction (Underlined Part), Punctuation, Comprehension, Passage writing.
  • Precis-writing.
  • Essay writing on General Topic Etc.
  • 4 General English

  • English Grammer:
    Synonyms, Homonyms, Antonyms, Direct and Indirect speech, Data Interpretation, Spotting Errors, Passage Completion, Word Formation, Sentence Completion, Part of Speech, Error Correction (Phrase in Bold), Theme Detection, Spelling Test, Fill in the blanks, Sentence Improvement, Sentence Arrangement, Substitution, Joining Sentences, Tenses, Active and Passive Voice, Idioms and Phrases, Para Completion, Translation, Error Correction (Underlined Part), Punctuation, Comprehension, Passage writing.
  • Precis-writing.
  • Essay writing ,. Etc.
  • 5 Law of Evidence And Procedures: Law Of Evidence and Procedural Law

    • LAW OF EVIDENCE
      • Unit-I: Introduction and Relevancy
      • Unit-II: Statement – Admissions / Confessions and Dying Declarations
      • Unit-III: Method of proof of facts
      • Unit-IV: Emerging Areas in the Law of Evidence
    • PROCEDURAL LAW
      • The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
        • Unit-I: Introduction
        • Unit-II: Initial Steps in a Suit
        • Unit-III: Interim Orders
        • Unit – IV: Appeal, Reference, Review and Revision
      • Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
        • Unit -I: Introduction
        • UNIT-II: Arrest, Bail and Pre-Trial Proceedings
        • UNIT-III: Trial Proceedings
        • UNIT-IV: Miscellaneous
      • Limitation Act, 1963
        • PART I – PRELIMINARY
        • PART II – LIMITATION OF SUITS, APPEALS AND APPLICATIONS
        • PART III – COMPUTATION OF PERIOD OF LIMITATION
        • PART IV – ACQUISITION OF OWNERSHIP BY POSSESSION
        • PART V – MISCELLANEOUS
      • The Court Fees Act 1870
        • CHAPTER I – PRELIMINARY
        • CHAPTER II – FEES IN THE HIGH COURTS AND SUBORDINATE COURTS
        • CHAPTER III – FEES IN OTHER COURTS AND IN PUBLIC OFFICES
        • CHAPTER IIIA – PROBATES, LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION AND CERTIFICATES OF ADMINISTRATION
        • CHAPTER IV – PROCESS-FEES
        • CHAPTER V – LEVYING FEES
        • CHAPTER VI – MISCELLANEOUS
      • The Suits Valuation Act, 1887
        • PART I – SUITS RELATING TO LAND
        • PART II – OTHER SUITS
        • PART III – SUPPLEMENTAL PROVISIONS

    6 Paper-6 (Optional)

    see the table given below in the note.

    7 Paper-7 (Optional)

    See the table given below in the note.

    8 Paper-8 (Optional)

    see the table given below in the note.

    Points Related to the Main written Examination

    Syllabus of Optional Papers:

    Sl. No Optional Subject Topics
    1. Constitutional and Administrative Law
    • Constitutional Law:
      Constitution, Constitutional Organs, Distribution of  Powers between Centre and States, Other Provisions, Fundamental Rights-I, Fundamental Rights-II, Right to Constitutional Remedies, Directive Principles and
      Fundamental Duties.
    • Administrative Law:
      Evolution and Scope of Administrative Law, Legislative Functions of Administration, Judicial Functions of Administration, Administrative Discretion and Judicial Control of Administrative Action.
    2. Hindu Law and Muhammadan Law
    • Hindu Law:
      Introduction, Concept of Hindu, Marriage, Hindu undivided family, Inheritance and Succession, Law relating to Hindu Minority and Guardianship, Family Courts Act,1984.
    • Muhammadan Law:
      Sources of Muslim Law, Marriages among Muslims in India, Nature of Marriage, Kinds of Marriage, Requirements of Marriage(including Dower), Matrimonial Remedies, Guardianship, Legitimacy and Percentage,
      Maintenance, Wills, Gifts, Waqf, General Principles of Inheritance.
    3. Law of Transfer of Property, Principles of Equity, Law
    of Trusts and Specific Relief
    • Law of Transfer of Property:
      Concept of Property and General Principles, Transfer of Immovable Property, Mortgage, Charge, Sale and Gift and Lease.
    • Principles of Equity:
      Nature of equity, Relations of the law of equity, the maxims of equity, different equitable remedies.
    • Law of Trust and Specific Relief:
      Essentials of trust, trust and contract, classification of trust and its importance, Private trust, Public trust, Trust Property, Beneficiary, Liability for breach of trust, Specific Relief Act.
    4. Law of Contracts and Torts
    • Law of Contract:
      Formation of Contract, Consideration and Capacity, Validity, Discharge and Performance of Contract, Remedies and Quasi Contracts.
    • Law of Tort:
      Introduction and Principles of Liability in Tort, Negligence, Nervous Shock, Nuisance, Vicarious Liability, Doctrine of Sovereign Immunity, Strict
      Liability and Absolute Liability, Defamations, The Consumer Protection Act, 1986.
    5. Commercial Law
    • International sales Contracts,
    • Carriage of goods,
    • International payments
    • Settlement of International Commercial Disputes

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