Constituted on 1st January 1948 out of the two ex-states of Gangapur and Bonai which merged with Odisha on that day Sundargarh district has about 43% of the entire landmass under forest. With numerous colorful tribes dotting its landscape and with abundant mining potential sitting pretty over vast tracts of the Chhotanagpur Plateau regions, the district offers great mining potentialities and mosaic of rich cultural heritage. The district is bounded by Ranchi district of Jharkhand on the north, Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh on the west and north-west, Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, and Anugul districts of Odisha on the south and south-east and Singhbhum district of Jharkhand and Kendujhar district of Odisha on the east. The district is named after its headquarters town “Sundargarh”. The town was formerly known by the name Suadihi until sometime in the first decade of the 19th century.
There are many historical places in the Sundargarh District like Rourkela, Vedavyas, Manikmoda, Mandira Dam, Ghogar, Khandadhar, Bangirposi etc are the important historical places of the District.The district lies in the north western portion of the State.It is bounded on the north by Jharkhand State, on the south by Jharsuguda, Sambalpur and Deogarh districts, on east and north-east by Keonjhar and Paschimi Singhbhum districts of Odisha and Jharkhand, on the west and north-west Raigarh district of Chhatisgarh.
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