The Kolkata Port Trust which was renamed to Syama Prasad Mukherjee Port by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 21st January 2020 is a riverine port in the city of Kolkata India, located around 203 kilometers from the sea. It is the oldest operating port in India and was constructed by the British Rulers. Kolkata is a freshwater port with no variation in salinity.
The Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port was established by the British East India Company after the company received trading rights from the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Following the shift of power from the company to the British crown, a port commission was set up in 1870. After independence, the Commissioners for the Port of Kolkata were responsible for the port till January 1975 when Major Port Trusts Act, 1963, came into force.
The Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port is now run by a Board of Trustees having representatives from the Government, Trade Bodies, various Port Users, Labour Unions, and some nominated members. The port manages two separate dock agglomerations – the Kolkata Dock System (KDS) and the Haldia Dock Complex (HDC).
Industry: Marine, Shipping & Navigation