Banaras Hindu University, formerly Central Hindu College, is a public central university located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 1916. The university’s main campus spread over 1,300 acres (5.3 km2) was built on land donated by the Kashi Naresh Prabhu Narayan Singh, the hereditary ruler of Banaras (“Kashi” being an alternative name for Banaras or Varanasi). The south campus, spread over 2,700 acres (11 km2), hosts the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Agriculture Science Centre) and is located in Barkachha in Mirzapur district, about 60 km (37 mi) from Banaras.
BHU is organised into six institutes and 14 faculties (streams) and about 140 departments. BHU is organised into six institutes and 14 faculties (streams) and about 140 departments. It has over 75 hostels for resident students. Several of its faculties and institutes include arts (FA – BHU), commerce (Faculty of Commerce, Banaras Hindu University), management studies (Institute of Management Studies Banaras Hindu University|I.M.St. – BHU), science (I.Sc. – BHU), performing arts (FPA-BHU), law (FL-BHU), agricultural science (Institute of Agricultural Science, Banaras Hindu University|I.A.S. – BHU), medical science (Institute of Medical Science, Banaras Hindu University|I.M.S. – BHU) and environment and sustainable development (Institute of Environment And Sustainable Development, Banaras Hindu University|I.E.S.D. – BHU) along with departments of linguistics, journalism & mass communication, among others.