Staff Selection Commission (SSC) is an organisation that recruits staff for various posts in the various Ministries and departments of the government of India.
The setting up of a Service commission was recommended by the Estimates Committee in the Parliament in its 47th report to recruit candidates for lower categories of posts. Later, on 4 November 1975, the Government of India constituted a commission called Subordinate Service Commission. Thereafter, on 26 September 1977, Subordinate Service Commission was renamed as Staff Selection Commission.
Presently, the Staff Selection Commission conducts both graduate and undergraduate level exams to recruit candidates for various posts across the country.
Exams for Undergraduate Level
Staff Selection Commission conducts the following exams which are of undergraduate level. A candidate can appear for these exams even if he/she has not completed his/her graduation.
1. SSC CHSL Exam
The full form of the SSC CHSL exam is the Staff Selection Commission Combined Higher Secondary Level exam. This exam is conducted to recruit candidates for the posts of Postal Assistants/Sorting Assistants, Data Entry Operator, Lower Divisional Clerk and Court Clerk.
The examination will consist of Computer Based Examination, Descriptive Paper and Skill Test/Typing test is also known as Tier I, Tier II and Tier III respectively.
Tier I is an objective type of exam that contains 100 multiple questions carrying a total of 200 marks with a negative mark of 0.50. Tier II will be a descriptive paper of 100 marks in ‘pen and paper.’ Tier II will be a skill test or typing test which would be of qualifying nature.
2. SSC MTS Exam
The Staff Selection Commission Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical) Staff (SSC MTS) examination is conducted by the Staff Selection Commissions annually to recruit candidates in General Central Service Group-C non-gazetted and non-ministerial posts in various departments, ministries, and offices of the Government of India.
The Staff Selection Commission conducted the exam to recruit candidates including Peon, Gardner, Daftary, Jamadar, Junior Gestetner Operator, Chowkidar, Safaiwala etc.
The exam is conducted in two parts, Paper I and Paper-II. Paper I is of objective type in nature that comprises four sections including General English, General Intelligence and Reasoning, Numerical Aptitude and General Awareness with each section of 25 marks carrying a total of 100 marks.
The purpose of Paper-II will be set in Hindi, English and other languages to test the basic language skills commensurate with the educational qualification prescribed for the post.
3. SSC General Duty Constable Exam
The Staff Selection Commission will conduct the SSC General Duty Constable Exam to recruit qualified candidates for the posts of Constable (General Duty) in Border Security Force (BSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), National Investigation Agency (NIA) and Secretariat Security Force (SSF) and Rifleman (General Duty) in Assam Rifles.
This exam is conducted into three stages including the Computer Based Test (CBT), Physical Efficiency Tets (PET) or Physical Standard Test (PST) and Detailed Medical Examination (DME). The CBT paper is divided into four sections including General Intelligence and Reasoning, General Knowledge and General Awareness, Elementary Mathematics, and English/Hindi.
Based on how individuals perform in the Computer Based Test (CBT), candidates are shortlisted for the Physical Efficiency Test (PET) or Physical Standard Test (PST).
4. SSC Stenographer Grade ‘C’ and ‘D’ Exam
The SSC Stenographer Grade ‘C’ and ‘D’ exam is conducted to recruit qualified candidates for the posts Grade “C” and “D” stenographers in central government organisations or departments or ministries. The exam requires the candidate to have the minimum qualification of clearing class XII. The examination is conducted in both Hindi and English and selected SSC Stenographers have the work profile of press conference briefings, helping in public relations, speech writing, etc., in various departments of the government.
The SSC Stenographer Grade ‘C’ and ‘D’ exam is conducted in two stages. These are the Written Computer-based exams and the Skill Test. The Computer Based exam is divided into three sections including General Intelligence and Reasoning, General Awareness, and English Language and Comprehension carrying a total of 200 marks.
The candidates who are shortlisted in the Computer Based Examination will be required to appear in the Skill Test for Stenography.
5. SSC-LDCE Lower Division Clerk Exam
The SSC LDCE Lower Division Clerk Exam is for recruitment to vacancies in Lower Division Grade reserved for regularly appointed Group ‘C’ Staff in (i) Central Secretariat Clerical Service, (ii) Armed Forces Headquarters Clerical Service, (iii) Indian Foreign Service (IFS).
The exam comprises two selection stages- Paper-I and Paper-II. Paper-I is the first stage of the selection process and consists of a descriptive type test and is qualifying in nature. While Paper-II is the final stage of selection consists of two papers and is merit ranking in nature.
Paper I is a short essay paper either in Hindi or English which is qualifying in nature carries a total of 100 marks.
Since the Staff Selection Commission is one of the reputed institutions in India, the exams conducted by this commission are also highly competitive. SSC exams are conducted at both undergraduate and graduate levels.
Although graduate-level exams are said to be tougher, undergraduate level exams also require sincere study and good preparation.