The First Organic State of India: Transformation of Sikkim

12 Mar, 2017 | 1 comment

Organic State of India: Sikkim
The first organic state Sikkim of India, has a long story behind its transformation. Dil Maya Chettri of village Chisopani, South Sikkim, is a bread earner for a family of six, owns only .5 ha of land for cultivation. With traditional cultivation processes and its produce, it would not have been possible for her to maintain her family.

But thanks to the organic farming that helped her to a solvent life. This is one of success stories of the organic farming of Sikkim. The Himalayan state has become the first fully organic state of India in 2016. It took about 13 years for the Sikkimese people to achieve this crown, besides being adjudged as the cleanest state of India.

ACTION PLAN OF 2003

  • Outlined important measures to discourage use of artificial fertilizers & pesticides and gradually substitute plant nutrients by organic manures & fertilizers to control diseases and pests & insects as well.
  • Started basic infrastructure and statutory development providing the pre-requisites for initiation of actual organic farming in Sikkim.
  • Created markets for organic food products along with the evolution of related strategies.
  • Formulated a policy of organic farming in Sikkim.
  • Promoted Sikkim as an Organic State.

THE BIG ORGANIC STEPS

1. Embaracing the mission: The Govt. Of Sikkim has shown an outstanding inclusiveness through none left untouched vision and effective implementation of the organic programme. The Chamling Govt. took initiatives to convey the message of organic plantation up to the last person of the state. As a part of the capacity building, Govt. of Sikkim took many steps, from including study of organic farming in the school curriculum to training sessions at micro level.

2. Phasing out chemical fertilisers: Chief Minister Chamling thought a behavioural shift in the habit of farmers from non-organic to organic requires a policy makeover where you encourage organic farming on one side and simultaneously make the chemical fertiliser and pesticides readily available on the other. The Govt. of Sikkim took initiatives in phasing out subsidies on chemical fertilisers and pesticides and stopped procuring the same from outside.

3. Infrastructure building: A state-wide organic farming requires serious infrastructural facilities and basic amenities. The Chamling Govt. not only standardised the products as per the market demand but also certified the agricultural products for their marketability. Making availability of recognised marketplace and infrastructural facilities for transportation played a pivotal role in the overall development of Sikkim as an organic state. And finally Sikkim topped the table of Indian organic states.

4. Encouraging people to go natural and traditional: Sikkimese people were originally accustomed to the organic farming and they have traditional ways of making manures and pesticides. Govt saw the necessity for reviving this culture at a mass level to reach the position they are striving for. They campaigned and organised various programmes and seminars to encourage the native people to return back to their traditional and biological techniques for making manures and pesticides but in a more scientific way.

Honourable Prime Mimister Shri Narendra Modi visited Sikkim to inaugrate the Organic Festival of Sikkim on Jan 18, 2016

PM visit to Sikkim

Sikkim, even after being a very small state has shown a path breaking achievement by transforming into a wholly organic state of India. Following such a leading step, Sikkim contributed in maintaining a balanced ecosystem. Simultaneously, it pushed the farmers

towards a life of economic enrichment. It created a benchmark for all other states and enlightened a unique way of leadership in bringing welfare to the farmers by balancing ecology and economy.

The first organic state Sikkim of India, has a long story behind its transformation. Dil Maya Chettri of village Chisopani, South Sikkim, is a bread earner for a family of six, owns only .5 ha of land for cultivation. With traditional cultivation processes and its produce, it would not have been possible for her to maintain her family.

But thanks to the organic farming that helped her to a solvent life. This is one of success stories of the organic farming of Sikkim. The Himalayan state has become the first fully organic state of India in 2016. It took about 13 years for the Sikkimese people to achieve this crown, besides being adjudged as the cleanest state of India.

ACTION PLAN OF 2003

  • Outlined important measures to discourage use of artificial fertilizers & pesticides and gradually substitute plant nutrients by organic manures & fertilizers to control diseases and pests & insects as well.
  • Started basic infrastructure and statutory development providing the pre-requisites for initiation of actual organic farming in Sikkim.
  • Created markets for organic food products along with the evolution of related strategies.
  • Formulated a policy of organic farming in Sikkim.
  • Promoted Sikkim as an Organic State.

THE BIG ORGANIC STEPS

1. Embaracing the mission: The Govt. Of Sikkim has shown an outstanding inclusiveness through none left untouched vision and effective implementation of the organic programme. The Chamling Govt. took initiatives to convey the message of organic plantation up to the last person of the state. As a part of the capacity building, Govt. of Sikkim took many steps, from including study of organic farming in the school curriculum to training sessions at micro level.

2. Phasing out chemical fertilisers: Chief Minister Chamling thought a behavioural shift in the habit of farmers from non-organic to organic requires a policy makeover where you encourage organic farming on one side and simultaneously make the chemical fertiliser and pesticides readily available on the other. The Govt. of Sikkim took initiatives in phasing out subsidies on chemical fertilisers and pesticides and stopped procuring the same from outside.

3. Infrastructure building: A state-wide organic farming requires serious infrastructural facilities and basic amenities. The Chamling Govt. not only standardised the products as per the market demand but also certified the agricultural products for their marketability. Making availability of recognised marketplace and infrastructural facilities for transportation played a pivotal role in the overall development of Sikkim as an organic state. And finally Sikkim topped the table of Indian organic states.

4. Encouraging people to go natural and traditional: Sikkimese people were originally accustomed to the organic farming and they have traditional ways of making manures and pesticides. Govt saw the necessity for reviving this culture at a mass level to reach the position they are striving for. They campaigned and organised various programmes and seminars to encourage the native people to return back to their traditional and biological techniques for making manures and pesticides but in a more scientific way.

PM visit to Sikkim

Honourable Prime Mimister Shri Narendra Modi visited Sikkim to inaugrate the Organic Festival of Sikkim on Jan 18, 2016

Sikkim, even after being a very small state has shown a path breaking achievement by transforming into a wholly organic state of India. Following such a leading step, Sikkim contributed in maintaining a balanced ecosystem. Simultaneously, it pushed the farmers towards a life of economic enrichment. It created a benchmark for all other states and enlightened a unique way of leadership in bringing welfare to the farmers by balancing ecology and economy.